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ginseng herb

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Origin and development of ginseng herbs


Basic technical parameters of ginseng herbs

Brand: Girder
Whether to import: No
Brand type: Boutique domestic products
Product series: Micropeptide compact series
Applicable people: General
Skin type: General
Item No.: GS-14-4
Specifications: Normal specifications
Special use: Soup, cosmetics
Shelf life: Three years
Ingredients: Ginseng
Net content: Customized
Have a licensable private label: Yes
Whether cross-border supply: No

Description about ginseng herbs:

Ginseng is a perennial herb of the genus araliaceae and ginseng. The ginseng herb is cool, the leaves have no pores and palisade tissue, and the water cannot be retained. The temperature will be higher than 32 degrees, and the leaves will burn and grow between 33 degrees and 48 degrees north latitude. Mostly born in the coniferous and broad-leaved mixed forest or deciduous broad-leaved forest dominated by Korean pine, the canopy density is 0.7~0.8. The ginseng herb usually blooms in 3 years, the result is 5-6 years, the flowering period is 5 to 6 months, and the fruiting period is 6 to 9 months. Born in deciduous broad-leaved forest or mixed coniferous and broad-leaved forest at an altitude of several hundred meters. Produced in Northeast China, North Korea, South Korea, Japan, and eastern Russia. The ancient ginseng herb is called Huang Jing, Goblin, and God Grass. Ginseng Herb is known as the “King of Herbs” and is one of the famous “Three Treasures of the Northeast”.

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Ginseng herb morphological characteristics

The ginseng herb rhizome (reed head) is short, erect or oblique, and does not thicken into a block. The main root is hypertrophy, spindle-shaped or cylindrical. The stems on the ground are solitary, 30-60 cm high, with longitudinal lines, glabrous, and persistent scales at the base. The ginseng herb leaves are palmate compound leaves, 3-6 rounded stems, and the young plants have fewer leaves; the petiole is 3-8 cm long, with longitudinal lines, no hair, no stipules at the base; small leaves 3-5, Young plants are often 3, thin, central small leaves elliptic to oblong-elliptic, 8-12 cm long, 3-5 cm wide, the outermost pair of lateral small leaves ovate or rhomboid oval, long 2- 4 cm, 1.5-3 cm wide, apex long acuminate, base broadly wedge-shaped, descending, serrated at the edges, teeth with thorn tips, a few bristles scattered above, bristles ca. 1 mm, glabrous below, lateral veins 5- 6 pairs, both sides are obvious, the mesh vein is not obvious; the small leaf handle is 0.5-2.5 cm long, and the lateral side is shorter. Umbellate single terminal, ca. 1.5 cm in diam., flowers 30-50, dilute 5-6; total pedicels usually longer than leaves, 15-30 cm long, longitudinally sessile; stalks filamentous, 0.8-1.5. Ciliary; flowers yellowish green; stellate glabrous, urate 5-locate-loculate; urate 5-locate; urate. The fruit is oblate or kidney-shaped, bright red when mature, 4-5 mm long and 6-7 mm wide. 2 seeds, kidney-shaped, milky white.

Ginseng herb growth habit

The ginseng herb grows in the average temperature of -23~5°C in January, the average temperature in July is 20~26°C, the cold resistance is strong, and it can withstand the low temperature of -40°C. The suitable temperature for growth is 15~25°C, and the annual accumulated temperature is 2000~3000°C. , frost-free period 125~150 days, snow 20~44cm, annual precipitation 500~1000mm, soil is well-drained, loose, fertile, humus layer deep brown forest soil or mountain ash brown forest soil, pH 5.5 ~6.2 is appropriate.

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Geographical distribution of ginseng herbs

Ginseng herb grows at 40-45 degrees north latitude and 117.5°-134° east longitude. It is distributed in eastern Liaoning, eastern half of Jilin and eastern Heilongjiang. It is cultivated in Jilin and Liaoning, and introduced in Hebei and Shanxi. The Soviet Union and North Korea are also distributed; North Korea and Japan are also cultivated.

Ginseng Herb Cultivation Technique Artificial Planting

The rhizome of ginseng herb is shorter, upright or oblique, in the case of artificial short-term cultivation. Wild ginseng, which has been growing for a long time, has the main roots of the first leaves to grow vertically, but after the third batch of leaves, the main roots mostly grow horizontally, and the rhizomes are correspondingly elongated, which is also horizontal. This is mainly because root growth is affected by the thickness of the soil humus layer, so its growth direction will also change.

Ginseng herbs are cold and humid, and cold-tolerant. Happy oblique and diffuse light, avoid strong light and high temperature. The choice of soil is strict, suitable for drainage, sandy soil with rich humus and loam cultivation. Seeds are propagated in summer, autumn and spring. Summer sowing, when the fruit matures from July to August, it is planted immediately. Autumn is broadcast in November, and spring is broadcast in April and mid-April. Before the sowing, the soil was firstly smashed, 0.7 to 1 foot high, 3.8 to 4 feet wide, and 6 to 8 feet in the daytime. Use spread, 1 2 per square meter, after sowing, cover soil 1 ~ 1.5 inches, often keep the soil moist, about to emerge in early May. Autumn sowing and spring sowing must be artificially germinated. The germination method is to dig deep pits of 5 to 6 inches, depending on the size of the seeds, and then mix the sand and seeds in a 1:1 ratio, put them into the pit, cover the soil 2 to 3 inches, and keep the soil moist. After about 2 months, the gap can be sown. In the third year of October transplanting, the plant spacing is 6 × 3 inches, covering soil 1.5 to 2 inches. Before emergence, it should be 3 to 4 feet high and 2 to 3 feet high. During the growth period, there are spot disease, blight and anthrax, which can be controlled by Bordeaux liquid spray.

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Ginseng Herb Field Management

Covered with glutinous rice, after emergence, cover with broken straw or semi-perished deciduous leaves, weeding with loose soil, usually 3-5 times a year to prevent soil compaction, eliminate weed disease plants, and cultivate soil and seedlings. Topdressing, applying organic fertilizer on the side of the ditch. The flower is extracted from the bud, and the field is planted. In the early stage of flowering, the 1/3-1/2 inflorescence central flower bud is removed; the production field is harvested, and all the buds are extracted before flowering. Wintering and cold protection, before the freezing, the soil is covered or covered with leaves, and the thickness is 5-15cm. A wind barrier is set up at the Shencai Four Fortunes or at the tuyere to prevent frost damage.

Ginseng Herbs Precautions

After the whole planting, the new high-fat film is used to spray the soil surface to isolate the source of pests and diseases, and the emergence rate is improved. After emergence, the loose soil weeding eliminates the weed disease plant, the soil is chased with ginseng herb fertilizer, and the flower buds are sprayed onto the leaf surface to spray the roots of the roots to rapidly expand the rhizome, and the medicinal content is greatly improved. Strengthen the comprehensive prevention and control of pests and diseases and spray new high-fat membrane to enhance the control effect.

Ginseng herb species status

Endangered species. The ginseng herb is a Tertiary relict plant, belonging to the genus Araliaceae, a perennial herb with a stem height of about 40~50cm, and a palm-shaped compound leaf. In the early summer, the yellow-green flowers are opened, and the tops of the umbrellas are single-rowed, and the fruits are oblate. It is also a precious Chinese herbal medicine. It is one of the “three treasures of the Northeast” and has a long history of medicinal use in China. For a long time, due to over-excavation and depletion of resources, the forest ecological environment on which ginseng depends is seriously damaged. Therefore, the ginseng origin of the ginseng, which is represented by the Shanxi Shangjiashen, is the southwestern part of the mountain, southern Hebei, and Henan. The ginseng in the western Shandong and other places has long since disappeared. Northeastern ginseng is also on the verge of extinction. Therefore, it is of great significance to protect the natural resources of this species.

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Ginseng herb has been listed as a rare and endangered plant in the country, and nature reserves such as Changbai Mountain have been protected. Other distribution areas should also be strengthened. Mining is strictly prohibited, and the ginseng herb resources are gradually restored and increased. The three northeastern provinces have been widely cultivated, and introduced in Hebei, Shanxi, Shaanxi, Hunan, Hubei, Guangxi, Sichuan, Yunnan and other provinces. Ginseng, together with stone scorpion and velvet antler, is listed as one of China's three major tonics. There are two kinds of ginseng in the former market in China, one is imported and the other is introduced. Imported ginseng has a good taste, aroma, and bitterness, and the best effect. Most of the ginseng herbs sold in the market and pharmacies are domestically introduced. The imported ginseng is only available from a few large brands such as Fulinmen and Tongrentang. The price of Tongrentang is the highest.

In 1989, the farmers in Fusong County collected a 305 grams of "King" in Changbai Mountain, which is estimated to have grown underground for 500 years. This "King Wang" is the largest ginseng that has been collected in China and has been purchased as a "national treasure" by the state.

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Since the Tang Dynasty, artificial ginseng herbs have been planted in China. The cultivated garden ginseng is cultivated in Hebei, Shanxi, Gansu, Ningxia, Hubei and other provinces except for a large number of plants in the northeast. Under the careful management of artificially, the cultivated ginseng herb can be harvested in 6 years, but it seems that it cannot compare with the century old ginseng from the medicinal value or preciousness. Wild ginseng has been less and less heavily mined. Wild ginseng is already on the verge of extinction. This "king of Chinese medicine" and "grass that can cure all diseases" together with precious plants such as metasequoia, silver fir, and alfalfa have been listed as national first-class key protected plants.